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Vietnam Today

Vietnam's population hits 96 million

Released at: 14:05, 11/07/2019

Vietnam's population hits 96 million

Photo: Viet Tuan

Central Steering Committee for Population and Housing Census releases preliminary results.

by Jessica Nguyen

The Central Steering Committee for the Population and Housing Census published preliminary results from the 2019 census on July 11 in Hanoi.

As at April 1, Vietnam’s population was more than 96.2 million people, with men accounting for 49.8 per cent and women 50.2 per cent. Vietnam is therefore the 15th most populous country in the world and the third in Southeast Asia.

The census results also reveal that Vietnam has a high population density compared to other countries in the world and in the region. Population density now stands at 290 people per sq km, an increase of 31 people per sq km. Hanoi (2,398 people per sq km) and Ho Chi Minh City (4,363 people per sq km) have the highest population density in the country.

The Red River Delta has the highest concentration of people in the country, with 22.5 million, while the central highlands has the lowest, with 5.8 million.

Vietnam’s urban population in 2019 was 33 million people and rural areas 63.1 million. The rate of people aged 15 and over who have been married is 77.5 per cent, with 69 per cent still married, 2 per cent divorced, and 6 per cent now widows or widowers.

Ninety-two per cent of school-age children go to school, and 96 per cent of the population is literate.

“The preliminary results of the 2019 population census show that over the past ten years the country’s population has increased more slowly than in previous periods,” according to the report from the Steering Committee. “Intellectual levels have improved, the proportion of the population aged 15 and over who are literate has increase strongly, and most children go to school.”

Regarding housing, there are 26.9 million households nationwide but 4,800 households are without housing. On average, every 10,000 households have about 1.8 households without housing. This situation has been gradually improving over the last two decades, falling from 6.7 households per 10,000 in 1999 to 4.7 in 2009 and now 1.8.

The survey also revealed that most households in Vietnam live in permanent or semi-permanent housing (93.1 per cent). The rate in urban areas is 98.2 per cent, or 7.9 percentage points higher than in rural areas (90.3 per cent). The average housing area per capita in 2019 is 23.5 sq m per person, an increase of 6.8 per cent against a decade ago.

Urban residents have a higher per capita housing area than rural residents, of 24.9 sq m per person against 22.7 sq m.

Deputy Prime Minister Vuong Dinh Hue said at the conference releasing the preliminary results that “the results have a particularly important meaning for policy making, in order to take advantage of the ‘golden’ population, overcome the situation of ‘getting old before become rich’, and avoid the risk of Vietnam falling into the middle-income trap.”

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